Striking the right chord

How to find which musical chord will fit where in the Song? Or, is there any musical chord fitting rule for selecting the right chord for any part of the melody or song?

Answer is yes. You might have seen a number of people asking the chord progressions for their favourite songs on various music related forums. And for a musician, after some experimentations it is not difficult to find out which chord fits where into the song. But again, why only that chord is fitting to that part of the song and not the other one?? Is there any rule for chord fitting??
Here it takes some research.. Don’t worry, I am going to keep it simple.
Usually the right chord is the one which includes the note played on the main beat in that part of the melody..
So, for people who follow Hindustani notations.. The right chord is the one which usually is represented by the note played on ‘sum‘ (as in ‘Khali’ and ‘Sum‘). 
So for example if you are playing  the DDLJ song Tuje dekha to yeh jana sanam..
For simplicity here we will consider just a part of the song.
The Song contains Sa; Re; Ga. (Komal); Ma; Pa;  Dha. (Komal); Ni. (Komal)
And following chords, 
1)     Cmin :Sa Ga.Pa      2) B flat Major : Ni.Re Ma   3) B flat Minor : Ni.RePa



Tujhe     dekha    to ye    jaana      sa   nam
Sa Sa    |Sa| Pa   Ma Pa   Ga.Ma    Dha.|Pa|
              1                        0                    2
             |Sa|Ga.Pa                       SaGa.|Pa| 
Pyaar      hota    hai   deewana         sanam
SaSa      |Sa|Pa   Ma    PaGa.Ma     Ga.|Re|
               3                     0                     4
             |Sa|Ga.Pa                    PaNi.|Re|
Ab       yahan     se     kahan     jaaye     hum
Sa       Re|Ni.|    Sa     Re Ni      Sa Ga.  |Re|
                5                    0                       6
          Pa|Ni.|Re                           MaNi.|Re|
Teri        baahon      mein     mar  jaaye     hum  ...
ReGa.     |Ma|  Ni.    Dha.     Pa   Ga.Ma     |Pa|   Ga re Sa
                7                          0                    8               0
             |Ma|Ni.Re                          SaGa.|Pa|

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Indiartist app on play store

Now your favourite Indian music magazine is available as an app on Google play, right here..

Get it on Google Play

Download it and Share this link with your buddy musicians and artists and help us spread the word..

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Aalap in Raga Bhoop – Played by Ruchir Vyas on Harmonium

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Quiz: Guess the raga!! (Coming back soon..)

The correct answer of February 2018’s Quiz is : Raga Kirwani

Name of the Winner: Mr. Vinod P. Shah from Vadodara, Gujarat.

Congratulations to the winner!!

Did you miss to answer this time? Not a problem, Stay tuned at and watch this space for more upcoming Quiz Questions..


Note: Correct answer, along with names of top 3 winners, who have shared maximum number of film song examples of this same raga with its online links apart from guessing the name of the raga correctly, will be published after the Quiz completion Date: 04 March 2018. Ie. on or after 5th march 2018.

The song links can be sent to..:

Please do not post it in comments or anywhere else..

Thank You for your participation!

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Raga Rhapsody : My most favorite 50 Classical and Bollywood Songs in a playlist compilation

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Jazba – A ghazal dedicated to all our Jawan!


( एक नई ग़ज़ल, उन ख़ास बहादूर जवानों के नाम के नाम, जिनके सरहद पर डटें होने से, आज हम सब चैन से इन त्योहारों की खुशियां मना सकते हैं|..)

गिरते सँभलते ही सिखाथा चलना
  ना बदलेंगे गिरके सँभालने का जज़्बा!
बनते बिगड़ते बनी है ये दुनिया
 की बनने से पहेले बिगाड़ेगा क्या वोह?

गिरायेगा क्या वोह? पछाड़ेगा क्या वोह?
 की गिरके पटक के बने सख्त पथ्थर!
तराशा जो पथ्थर तो बनती है मूरत,
 न तोड़ें उसे तो तराशेगा क्या वोह?

मारेगा क्या वो मिटाएगा क्या वोह?
  के मरने से मिटती नहीं है शहीदी
शहीदों के ख़ूनों से बनते हैं भारत
 न खौला अगर तो बहायेगा क्या वोह?

हंसते हँसाते रहें ना रहें हम
 मगर ना तू करना जुदाई का एक ग़म|
मिलते बिछड़ते कटी ज़िन्दगी है
 कभी ना भूला – याद करने का जज़्बा|

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Bollymix – ‘Dil hai ki Maanta Nahin’ played on Harmonium

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Balancing the Duality

Balancing the duality
Music is dual in nature and needs a complementary character especially in rhythm. If there is a Main beat (Sum) there is one secondary main beat (Khali) to complement. If there is a dominant chord or vaadi swar there is a subdominant chord and a samvadi swar. If there is bass sound there is treble to complement. If there is a sharper note there is a flatter note too.



And just like any other art-form of dual nature, for example photography, where one looks for a balance of light and dark shades, color balance, it is nothing but a matter of striking a right balance a right mix of those two aspects. Music is in finding the right balance of notes, tones, aaroha (ascent) and avaroha (descent) or bass and treble – just like one finds a middle path – a balance from two extremes in life. Life is balance, Music is Balance.

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All Out for No Loss!

Boss, Worth all wonders and praises: here is ‘Saskia Rao-de Haas’ playing Indian Classical in her own uniquely wholesome Indian style, leaving aside all the slightest of indications of western origins of cello – as if it had been here with us for centuries, hidden in a dark corner – waiting for it’s turn to be played out in hands of someone like Saskia.

It may need a centuries worth of efforts, listening and practice yet it all sound and look so effortless as if sheer talent is flowing from her hand  – from left to right and right to left of the cello bridge – carving it all round all indian and leaving the audience awestruck and enthralled – all out.. for no loss!!

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My personal recorded music is available at

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Quotivation – production

Photographs : Medha Shukla

Music : Ruchir Vyas 

Quotes from Various sources

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